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Helenium flexuosum 'Tiny Dancer'

Sneezeweed or Helenium flexuosum ‘Tiny Dancer”

by Jonah Holland , PR and Marketing Coordinator, Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden 

Sneezeweed or Helenium flexuosum ‘Tiny Dancer is a great example of a beautiful native that can add alot of texture and movement to your garden (the blooms tend to dance in the wind, on its leggy stems).

by Randee Humphrey, Director of Education, Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden

Randee Grace Kelly by Steve High res

The three amigos in Denver

The American Public Gardens Association’s “Everyday Magic” conference was held in Denver in late June, and I was fortunate to attend, along with Grace Chapman, the Garden’s Director of Horticulture, Kelly Riley, Children’s Education Manager, and the intrepid traveling Stickman.  It was a whirlwind week, full of inspiring lectures, invigorating sessions (I presented one on Public Gardens and Community Engagement) and special events, hosted by the Denver Botanic Gardens, the Gardens on Spring Creek, the Betty Ford Alpine Gardens, and the Cheyenne Botanic Gardens.

Generally I return from conferences like this exhilarated and exhausted—there’s so much information to absorb, so many contacts made to follow-up on, and many ideas to share with my colleagues.  And always I come away very proud of our Garden, our community of patrons, and especially my staff colleagues, who work so hard and unselfishly to keep the many wheels of success in motion.  At only 30 years-old, Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden is among the younger of public gardens, and even so, we’re pretty mature by every measure in the sophistication of our operation.  It’s a good feeling to come away from a national conference with the knowledge that on the whole we’re doing a really good job.

Stickman loves Denver

Stickman loves Denver

Over the past year, I’ve been spending a portion of my time nurturing Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden’s role in the larger community, through an initiative we’ve dubbed Beautiful RVA.  It’s a  regional coalition of public and private agencies and organizations all invested in improving the quality of life in greater Richmond through public horticulture, urban greening, and beautiful place-making  initiatives.  The Garden is at the center of this coalition.  With other key partners, we are working to increase local capacity to accomplish urban greening and beautiful place-making projects that are often beyond the reach and resources of local government.  The Garden is fostering community momentum and seeing where civic will, grassroots engagement, and collaborative spirit takes us.  And in many ways, we’re positioning the Garden for the next stage of its evolution and influencing others to follow our lead.  We not only want to be at the table, we want to offer the table around which these fundamental civic opportunities can be explored with other willing partners.

Denver Garden Block

Denver Garden Block

So, through this lens — with a sharp focus on how public gardens use their leverage and leadership to help transform the urban landscape — I paid special attention in Denver to the quality of its urban landscape, and whether the Denver Botanic Gardens had played an influential role.  And the answer:  the Denver Botanic Garden is everywhere—at its flagship site on York Street; at the Denver Botanic Gardens at Chatfield, a working farm located along the banks of Deer Creek in southern Jefferson County near Littleton (where Denver Botanic Gardens runs a 5-acre Community Supported Agriculture operation); and  tours at Mount Goliath, a mountain peak in the U.S. Forest Service Mount Evans Recreation Area in the Arapaho National Forest.  Within two blocks of the Marriott conference center was the 16th Street Mall, at all hours the friendly, clean, safe, and bustling heart of the City.  Downtown Denver describes the scene:

….considered the premier pedestrian environment in the Rocky Mountain region, it is the commercial heart of Downtown Denver and a main attraction for a rapidly growing number of visitors and conventioneers. On average, 2.3 million pedestrians visit the Mall every year, and in the summer, 30,000 pedestrians walk the Mall every day. Nearly 50,000 people use the FREE MallRide on an average weekday, and the Mall has become the linchpin of RTD’s transportation system by connecting light rail stations, express bus terminals and local bus routes between Union Station and Civic Center.

And yes, the Denver Botanic Garden’s imprint was on the 16th Street Mall, too, with the Denver Garden Block installation.  Is there anything that this public garden doesn’t do?  I can’t imagine—they also are among the keystone organizations funded by the Scientific and Cultural Facilities District, a regional consortium that provides over $40 million a year to over 300 local and regional institutions, through a 1/10 of 1 percent sales and use tax adopted by a seven-county metropolitan area.

It’s exciting to imagine how our City and region will grow in the years ahead.  Personally, I live along the promising Boulevard corridor, and wonder how the planning process for this area will unfold.  Denver inspired me to imagine — as I strolled the 16th Street Mall and dined at its outdoor cafes, enjoyed impromptu concerts on upright pianos scattered along the Mall, and easily navigated to nearby museums and Coors Field on foot (or by rent-a-bike, stations everywhere! )— that our Boulevard could become THE BOULEVARD.  A walkable, bike-able (and still car-friendly), local, eclectic, and beautiful Garden District.  And naturally I wonder, what role might Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden play in transforming this urban landscape, so full of potential.

Chihuly

Chihuly installation at the Denver Botanic Gardens

by Jonah Holland , PR and Marketing Coordinator, Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden 

It was a great day! First Children’s Garden Educator Ms. Dawn read The Great Big Enormous Turnip, based on a Russian folk tale about a turnip soooo big the whole family had to work together to pull it.  As each member of the family helped the papa pull the turnip, this little girl held up the picture of the family member who helped with the pulling.

story best

Then we found an enormous turnip in the Children’s Garden and had to work together to pull it!  Even little brother and mom helped!

 

pulling the turnip

Teamwork — everyone has to pull together! Just like in the story.

It really was super-big! Bigger than any of us thought, really.

surprise turnip

Wow, that’s a big turnip!

Dawn and turnip smile

Ms. Dawn and her new friend! It was a most excellent day.

I’m sharing this with you because just yesterday, I got a note from this little girl’s mom asking if we have any good children’s activities at the Garden that they could come to. I explained that we had lots of great choices!  Happily, I ran into her and her little ones on the way into the Garden and walked down to the activity with them and took these photos. Then afterwords,  the little girl’s mom emailed me this photo and some comments, “…Thank you again for letting us know about the children’s activities. She was just gesturing to me and saying “pull the turnip.” She is showing me that she has really learned from Ms. Dawn.”

Did you know the Garden offers a wide variety of drop in programs for kids that are free to members and free with admission? This program mentioned above is called Drop in and Dig. We also have Garden Art Studio, activities at Flowers After FiveGood Green Fun and Drop in and Move.  You can learn more about all these programs on our website: http://bit.ly/happeningnow

 

by Jonah Holland , PR and Marketing Coordinator, Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden 

Verbena hastata

Verbena hastata

At today’s “15 minutes in the Garden” with Horticulturist Jay Austin, one bloom stole the show —  Verbena hastata or swamp verbena. It loves the boggy area around the West Island Garden, and has an unusual pointed form that caught our eye.  It’s certainly pretty enough to be considered a knockout in my book!

It took us a few minutes to identify it — yet another reason I’m sharing it here.  But another great way to identify blooms  you see at the Garden is by viewing our Blooms by Month page. There you’ll find blooms that typically bloom in any given month — all labeled, so it’s a great way to identify plants by what they look like, and a great way to learn names of plants you are familiar with, but don’t know the name.

by Jonah Holland , PR and Marketing Coordinator, Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden 

During June, Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden was the fortunate recipient of 258 hours of volunteer service donated by 86 Richmond area CarMax Associates. They tackled nine Volunteer Team-Builders  projects here, making the Garden eligible for an additional $9,000 donation.  The CarMax Foundation had a record-breaking volunteer blitz in June, completing more than 250 projects nationally. Here at the Garden,  CarMax associates, mulched, weeded, and planted all around the Garden, including the front berm of the Garden and in the Children’s Garden.

In the Children’s Garden alone, CarMax had 56 volunteers who worked  working a total of 168 hours on four different days!

CarMax volunteers on June 6th, 2014 in the Children's Garden.

CarMax associates volunteered in the Children’s Garden on June 5, 6, 13 and 17th. Here’s the June 6th team.

children's garden vols  june 13

A few of the CarMax volunteers who worked in the Children’s Garden on June 13th.

Children’s Garden horticulturist Heather Veneziano reports that CarMax associates weeded and mulched, assembled bags that we hand out to schools,  divided plants, stained benches and wrapped safety foam on structures, and then weeded  some more!  Another team worked near the front berm of the Garden, removing invasive species from in between established plants. Horticulturist Seth Roadman, who worked with the group, said the team removed mostly grapevine, honeysuckle, thistle, and wire grass.  He remarked that the group showed great energy and seemed to enjoy being out in the garden.

CarMax associates and eggplant

The CarMax team planting and mulching eggplant.

CarMax Associates with cucumber trellis

CarMax associates made quick work on a cucumber trellis. The trellis will allow the cucumbers to have more room to grow in a small space.

…And then they started work in the Community Kitchen Garden.  On their first visit in June, the CarMax team mulched pathways, planted eggplant, built a support structure for fava beans, and accomplished a huge amount of weeding. A few weeks later, a new team arrived to  harvest 160 lbs. of red potatoes, harvested sweet peppers and Swiss chard, they tossed a mountain of weeds into the compost pile, completed a trellis for cucumbers, weeded a bed of  fava beans, and mulched beds of eggplant. If you’ve ever wondered how many people 160 lbs. of new potatoes can feed, that is enough potatoes for Feedmore’s Community Kitchen to provide 400 servings of mashed potatoes or 800 servings of potato salad to Meals on Wheels recipients!

Harvesting new red potatoes with Carmax.

Pulling the new red potatoes out of the ground to dry in the sun, before delivery to Feedmore’s Community Kitchen. On this day, the team delivered 192 lbs. of fresh vegetables to FeedMore (red potatoes: 162 lbs, Swiss chard: 22 lbs, red okra: 1 lb, sweet peppers: 7lbs).

harvesting new potatoes at Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden

CarMax June volunteer blitz showed lots of great teamwork.

carmax before and after

CarMax associates before (left) and after (right) a very productive day in Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden’s Community Kitchen Garden growing food for Feedmore Inc.

Brittany & Chastity carrying a basket of new potatoes.

Carrying the bounty of new potatoes to be loaded onto the truck to be delivered to Feedmore.

We love that CarMax is such a positive influence in the Richmond community,  and we are honored that they’ve partnered with Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden. On July 4th join us for CarMax Free Fourth of July! On Friday, July 4, 2014, all visitors to the Garden will receive free admission throughout the day (9 a.m. – 5 p.m.) The free admission includes entrance to the popular Butterflies LIVE! exhibit.

 

by Buz Sawyer, Volunteer, Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden

Bluebird eggs

Bluebird eggs.

 

Wren Eggs

Wren eggs — brown, not blue.

We are well into the 2014 nesting season and have seen a lot of activity so far. The season began a little late this year with many Carolina chickadee nests and way too many house sparrow nests. Happily, we saw our first bluebird nest in mid-May. The nest resulted in four fledglings by mid-June. I have included a picture of bluebird eggs from one of our nest boxes for you, in case you have not seen them before. Note that they are blue, like robin’s eggs, as opposed to brown, like the wrens eggs also shown.

Blue bird chicks

Healthy bluebird nestlings!

With 14 nest boxes you would hope to have many bluebird nests, but bluebirds tend to be less aggressive than some of the other cavity nesters and can be easily turned away from a potential nest site. Our chickadees seem to start nesting early before the temperature gets warm enough for the bluebirds, so they seem to be the ones that occupy most of our boxes in early spring. House sparrows are a different matter altogether. They are the bullies of our cavity nesters. Aside from making nests with trash, twigs, straw, or anything they can find, they also have no respect for nests occupied by other species. Unfortunately they will sometimes kill other nestlings, crush eggs, and even build nests on top of another active nest. So, our goal is to check the boxes often and remove house sparrow nests before they get established.  The Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries gives some tips on how to attract bluebirds and discourage house sparrows from nesting in bluebird boxes:

Do NOT allow HOUSE SPARROWS to use the box! The house sparrow (weaver finch) is a non-native, aggressive species that will drive bluebirds away. House sparrows are known to kill parent birds on the nest as well as their young, if given an opportunity. Since house sparrows tend to prefer nesting near buildings, you can deter them in part by locating the bluebird box away from buildings and out in an open field instead. Also, you can try removing the sparrow’s nesting material as it tries to build a nest. (Since the house sparrow is legally defined in Virginia as a nuisance species, it is legal to remove and/or destroy house sparrow nests and eggs.) Although fairly persistent, the house sparrow may give up and move on.

As the Department of Game and Inland Fisheries mentions, house sparrows are not native to North America, sort of like the bird version of an invasive non-native plant.  So far we have had house sparrow nests in at least 7 out of 14 of the boxes on the Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden Bird Trail. With some persistent monitoring of the boxes we hope to eventually see more healthy families of bluebird nestlings like these each year.

by Jonah Holland , PR and Marketing Coordinator, Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden

This beauty  – Thalia dealbata — likes to get its feet wet! You’ll find this hardy water canna in the creek off of Lake Sydnor near the West Island Garden, you can also view it from the Lotus Bridge.

Thalia dealbata

Thalia dealbata

by Jonah Holland , PR and Marketing Coordinator, Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden

baby katydid

Look closely and see if you can find the baby katydid on the daylily!

Daylilies blooming pretty much everywhere  is a sure sign that summer is in full swing at the Garden. Thousands of cultivars of day lilies exist, and here at Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden we are lucky to have quite an extensive collection.

Day lily across from Bloemendaal House.

Day lily with an oak leaf hydrangea on the background.

Many of our daylilies or Hemerocallis  are located in Flagler Garden, which was was built back in 1993 with a focus on perennials, but we have them elsewhere in the Garden too. And the daylilies here have an interesting provenance.   Some came from Andre’ Viette and Viette’s Nurseries, known for their extensive daylily offerings and even a Daylily Food & Wine Festival in July (next held in 2015). Viette is a former board member at Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden and was friends with the Garden’s first director, Bob Hebb.

An unidentified daylily in Flagler Garden.

Hemerocallis

Others plants came from Richmond Area Daylily Society, and some were gifts from amateur hybridizers.  In fact, the Richmond Area Daylily Society continues to have an annual Daylily Show and Sale here at the Garden and continue to hybridize daylilies.  Because some of the Garden’s daylilies were gifts from amateur hybridizers we may not know exactly what cultivar they are. They may not actually be a named cultivar at all, but a sort of “love child”  created by a passionate daylily fan who wanted to create something new, mixing traits of two beloved blooms.  Personally, I think there’s an additional beauty and mystery to these very special unlabeled plants that were created with love and given in love.  While I’ve identified some of our daylily photos here, but you can be sure if a photo isn’t labeled or if there is not a tag by one of our daylilies in the Garden, now you know the reason.

dalylily spider

Look closely for the spider!

You may know, most daylily blooms last only one day, but each plant has lots of blooms, so come see ‘em while you can! I can’t think of a better reason to seize the day, and take time to stop and truly enjoy the beauty of the Garden.  Scroll down to see more daylily photos!

lavendar frolic

Hemerocallis ‘Lavender Frolic’

Hemerocallis 'Carolina Cranberry'

Hemerocallis ‘Carolina Cranberry’

day lily explosion

An entire bed of sunshiny Hemerocallis.

day lily

Hemerocallis

dl green flutter

Hemerocallis ‘Green Flutter’

dl pink and blue

Pink day lily contrasting nicely with the blue sky.

day lily pink

Another shot of the pink day lily.

martagon lily

Martagon lily

Dl little carnation

Hemerocallis ‘Little Carnation’

Day lily 'plate of sunshine'

Hemerocallis ‘Plate of Sunshine’

 Hemerocallis 'Bela Lugosi'


Hemerocallis ‘Bela Lugosi’

Hemerocallis 'Ancient Trail'

Hemerocallis ‘Ancient Trail’

On another note a little bird told me that we’ll also be featuring daylily splits at our Fall Plant Sale this year. These will be the bare roots of daylilies, dug up just before the sale, so you can take a piece of the Garden home with you and enjoy daylilies in your own yard! This helps the Garden too, because it gives our daylilies more room to grow when they are thinned out. Want to learn more about day lilies? The American Hemerocallis Society has a great FAQ page that can answer many of your questions.

DIY Pallet Garden

Photos & text by Jay Austin, Horticulturist, Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden

Editor’s Note: Jay Austin is Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden’s Rose Garden Horticulturist. He also moonlights as the owner of RVAScapes LLC a Richmond-based landscaping business. This blog post first appeared on his RVAScapes blog. Jay is also a Virginia Certified Horticulturist  and ISA Certified Arborist.

Pallet Garden step by step

As you can see, the top and bottom boards are doubled up.  We removed those boards, and also removed every other board after that, making larger spaces for the plants and making the stapling easier.

The other day, a client of mine called me up and asked if I could make her a pallet garden.  I was hesitant at first, as I had never made one before.  I decided we should form a partnership instead of hiring me to make it for her, so in case the project was not successful, there would be no foul. I did some internet research, and spoke to a few friends who had attempted this type of project before.

Close up of Pallet

As you can see, rather than simply packing the entire pallet with soil, we made individual pockets at each level.  This way, the soil is contained nicely.  I think if you had one unit, the water and soil would be apt to migrate down to the bottom, possibly collapsing the whole thing.

I figured it would be a fun project to try, so we went for it. The first step is acquiring a pallet.  This should not be too hard to accomplish.  I happened to have a few lying around from various stone and sod jobs that I have done.  You can probably find one at any big box store or nursery.  I am not sure exactly what they do with them when they are unloaded and stacked up, but I would be certain that they just dispose of them in some way.  They may even have to pay for the disposal, so they may be happy for you to take a few.  The better condition the pallet is in, the better of you will be.

Another progress shot.  As we packed the plants in, we also packed potting soil all around.  I think this is the critical step.  If there are gaps and voids all around the plant’s root balls, then they will not be able to put roots out, and more importantly will dry out very quick.  So make sure the pockets are pretty stuffed with soil.

The second step would be to buy some plants.  I was advised that the bigger the plant is, the better off the garden will be.  So I had 4″ pots in mind.  I used primarily annual plants for this one, but next one I may use more perennials.  Succulents would probably work quite well.  In fact, that is the next project in the works.  So I went to the nursery, and picked out a bunch of plants that looked good together.  I ended up with a selection of coleus, begonias, a few hostas, and other annuals that would do well in the shade that this pallet would be in. Now it is time for the hardware of the project.  First you will need a roll of landscape fabric to hold the soil in place.  Also known as weed barrier, this fabric will hold the soil, while allowing water to drain through.  You will also need a staple gun and many, many staples.  I used 3/8″ staples that seemed to work.  The bigger the better in my opinion. Just do not go shorter than 3/8″, or you risk them pulling out. We then began assembly.

We used many staples to hold the fabric to the wood.  It was a little tricky, but my wonderful client did a tremendous job of getting the pockets sealed so no soil leaked out.  We actually got it right (I think, long term results will be the subject of a later post) the first time.

 final product.  

Here is the final product.

The Garden setting

This pallet and another one to be made will be the final touch to this yard project.  This yard was in fairly rough shape when I first saw it (sorry LK!).  Nothing but weeds throughout.  I added a gravel patio, raised vegetable beds, and pollinator friendly perennials throughout.  The pallets will hang on either side of the window on the blank white walls.  This will be the final touch to a wonderful transformation!

I was pretty surprised with how easy this actually was to make.  In the future, the plants should all fill in and really look like a garden.  Depending on the plants you select, the cost will come in anywhere from $100-$150 or so.  A few notes:  we wrapped the back of the pallet in a double layer of fabric to keep it neat and tidy.  This step should also help slow down evaporation.  If the pallet will be on a wall, I recommend a layer of heavy plastic also, to keep the wall from getting funky.  Water will make or break the success of this project.  I would be sure that the soil will want to dry out about every day.  I would plan on watering this once a day at least, more so if yours will be in direct sun.  Use a very light spray.  The mist setting on a selectable hose end sprayer is the best, as it will not wash out the soil.

by Lynn Kirk, Public Relations Writer,  Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden, reprinted with permission from the Richmond Times-Dispatch

 

Hybrid technology has led to new varieties of a favorite garden classic, including this Coconut Ice sunflower, which shows off a creamy white flowerhead.

Hybrid technology has led to new varieties of a favorite garden classic, including this Coconut Ice sunflower, which shows off a creamy white flowerhead. Credit: Seed Sense

Mention “smiley-face flower” and what comes to mind? Probably the sunflower, a towering native plant of the Americas. The sunflower (Helianthus annuus) is more than a single-stem beauty with a golden flower head. Its history spans thousands of years, and in recent decades, hybridization has altered the world of sunflowers in countless ways. Today, the species has new kin, as well as new looks.
Recent varieties vary dramatically in height, from traditional garden giants that sometimes reach 12 feet tall to dwarf varieties that are suitable for container plantings. The well-known sunflower has a single hairy stem, while modified varieties boast seven to 10 stems per plant. The mature flower head, which is a crowded composite of multiple smaller flowers or florets, ranges from dinner-plate size to a mere inch in diameter.
Though most flower heads boldly face the sun, some hybridized varieties droop downward, making it easier for birds and wildlife to snatch the seeds. The native plant is an annual, but some of today’s domesticated plants are perennials that self seed and return year after year.
Perhaps one of the most notable changes is the sunflower’s new range of colors. While sunflower fans are used to golden-yellow hues, hybridizers also have introduced ornamental varieties with ruby-red, bronze and white flower heads.
Along with its appearance, the sunflower’s uses have expanded. Native Americans harvested the plant for practical purposes, such as food, dyes and medicinal ointments. In more recent times, the sunflower has become a fashionable icon for home décor and jewelry.
The sunflower also has commercial uses. Its leaves can be used for cattle feed, its fibrous stems for paper production and its oil for livestock feed. Because sunflower oil is often cheaper than olive oil, it also is used in the production of cooking oil, margarine and some alternate fuels.

sunflower popping open

A sunflower just starting to bloom along the Main Garden Path

What hasn’t changed? The sunflower’s love for the sun and our love for its summer beauty.
Tips for growing sunflowers
• Seed one crop, then two weeks later seed another close by. Plants will mature at different times, extending your garden’s overall bloom period.
• Plant sunflowers to attract pollinators to your garden.
• Watch out for imposters, unless you like them as well. The false sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides) and the Mexican sunflower (Tithonia rotundifolia) are from different plant species.
• Daisies and asters are excellent complements to the sunflower garden.
• Sunflower varieties with small, multi-blooms can be deadheaded (spent blooms removed) to encourage more blooms. Conversely, tall varieties are typically single bloomers, so either harvest their seeds or leave the flower heads in the garden for wildlife.
• In some areas of the U.S., commercial farmers equate perennial sunflowers with weeds since they can negatively impact edible crop yields.
• Sunflower seeds, leaves and stems emit substances that inhibit the growth of certain other plants, so separate them from crops such as pole beans and potatoes.
• When positioning bird feeders, keep in mind that the hulls of the sunflower seeds emit toxins that might build up and kill underlying grass over time.
Editor’s Note: This article first published in the Richmond Times-Dispatch, in June 2014.

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