Meet the Butterflies

Identify the butterflies you’ve seen at Butterflies LIVE! Learn the scientific, common name and country of origin. Experience the wonderful world of butterflies with the help of Butterflies LIVE!

Common Morpho

Morpho peleides

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Mexico to Colombia

Wingspan: 5-8 in. (12.7 – 20.3 cm.)

Fast Fact: Common morphos are attracted to fermenting fruits.

White Morpho

Morpho polyphemus

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Mexico to Central America

Wingspan: 4-4.75 in. (10-12 cm.)

Fast Fact: Adult white morphos prefer to feed on rotting fruits or sap from trees.

Whitened Bluewing

Myscelia cyaniris

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Mexico, parts of Central and South America

Wingspan: 1.3-1.4 in. (3.3-3.6 cm.)

 Fast Fact: The underside of the whitened bluewing is silvery-gray, allowing it to blend in on bark and branches.

Mexican Bluewing

Myscelia ethusa

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Mexico, Central America, Colombia

Wingspan: 2.5-3.0 in. (6.4-7.6 cm.)

Fast Fact: Young caterpillars attach
dung pellets and silk to a leaf vein to create a resting perch.

New Guinea Birdwing

Ornithoptera priamus

Family: Papilionidae

Range: Australia

Wingspan: 5 in. (12.7 cm.)

Fast Fact: New Guinea birdwings are sexually dimorphic. Females are much larger than the males, and their wings are black with white markings.

Learn More About Sexual Dimorphism in Butterflies

Mocker Swallowtail

Papilio dardanus

Family: Papilionidae

Range: Africa

Wingspan: 3.9-4.7 in. (10-12 cm.)

Fast Fact: The male mocker swallowtail has a tail, while the female is tailless.

 

Learn More About Sexually Dimorphic Butterflies

Orchard Swallowtail

Papilio demodocus

Family: Papilionidae

Range: Africa and Arabia

Wingspan: 4.5 in. (11.4 cm.)

Fast Fact: The orchard swallowtail is sometimes called the citrus swallowtail because the female often lays her eggs on citrus tree leaves.

Great Mormon

Papilio memnon

Family: Papilionidae

Range: Southeast Asia

Wingspan: 4.6-6.0 in. (11.7-15 cm.)

Fast Fact: Male great Mormons never have tails, while females may or may not have tails.

Learn More About Sexually Dimorphic Butterflies

Banded Peacock

Papilio palinurus

Family: Papilionidae

Range: Southeast Asia

Wingspan: 3-4 in. (8-10 cm.)

Fast Fact: Several Asian butterflies are green. The banded peacock can be recognized by its finer shape and curves of the wings.

Scarlet Mormon

Papilio rumanzovia

Family: Papilionidae

Range: Indonesia, The Philippines

Wingspan: 5.5 in. (14 cm.)

Fast Fact: Females are polymorphic, meaning there is variation in the way they look.

Learn More About Sexually Dimorphic Butterflies

Pink Cattle Heart

Parides iphidamas

Family: Papilionidae

Range: Southeastern Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama, Peru

Wingspan: 3.9 in. (10 cm.)

Fast Fact: The pink cattle heart butterflies have wings dominated with red and yellow-green areas.

Clouded Mother of Pearl

Salamis anacardii

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Tropical Africa

Wingspan: 2.2-2.7 in. (5.5-6.8 cm.)

Fast Fact: Both male and female clouded mother of pearl butterflies are aggressive fliers.

Forest Blue Morph

Caligo eurilochus

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Mexico, Central and South America

Wingspan: 4-5 in. (10-13.5 cm.)

Fast Fact: Because of their large size and their tendency to fly at night, these butterflies are often mistaken for bats.

Giant Owl

Caligo memnon

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Mexico to Amazon Rainforest

Wingspan: 4.5-5 in. (11.4-13 cm.)

Fast Fact: The giant owl can be recognized by the large patch of pale orange-yellow covering most of its forewings.

Brown Owl

Caligo oileus

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Mexico to Northern South America

Wingspan: 4.5-5.1 in. (11.4-13 cm.)

Fast Fact: The brown owl inhabits cloud forest habitats at altitudes between 600 and 1,600 meters.

Leopard Lacewing

Cethosia cyane

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: India to southern China and Indochina

Wingspan: 4 in. (10 cm.)

Fast Fact: The leopard lacewing can be found in lowland and upland rainforest habitats.

Learn more About Sexually Dimorphic Butterflies

Julia

Dryas iulia

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: South and Central America

Wingspan: 3-3.25 in. (7.5-9.5 cm.)

Fast Fact: This species exhibits sexual dimorphism, which is the term for males and females having different patterns or sizes.

Learn more About Sexually Dimorphic Butterflies

Tailed Jay

Graphium agamemnon

Family: Papilionidae

Range: India, Sri Lanka through Southeast Asia, and Australia

Wingspan: 3.2-3.9 in. (8-10 cm.)

Fast Fact: The green spots on the wings of the tailed jay make it difficult to locate in the dappled sunlight of the rainforest.

Costa Rica Clearwing

Greta oto

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Mexico through Panama

Wingspan: 2.2-2.4 in. (5.6-6.1 cm.)

Fast Fact: The Costa Rica clearwing can blend into any environment, due to its transparent wings.

Gray Cracker

Hamadryas feronia

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Texas to Argentina, southern Brazil, Paraguay

Wingspan: 2.9-3.3 in. (7.3-8.3 cm.)

Fast Fact: Gray crackers blend into their surroundings in the tropical dry forest, where bark is often silvery-grey or brown.

Blue and White Longwing

Heliconius cydno

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Southern Mexico to western Ecuador

Wingspan: 2.9-3.3 in. (7.3-8.3 cm.)

Fast Fact: Blue and white longwings are fast fliers.

Tiger Longwing

Heliconius hecale

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Central America to Amazon

Wingspan: 2.8-3.5 in. (7-9 cm.)

Fast Fact: The larvae of the longwings, also known as the heliconids, feed on members of the passion flower family.

Postman

Heliconius melpomene

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Central and South America

Wingspan: 1.4-1.5 in. (3.6-3.8 cm.)

Fast Fact: The postman tends to avoid direct sunlight. There are many morphs.

 

 

 

Sara Longwing

Heliconius sara

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Central to South America

Wingspan: 2.2-2.4 in. (5.5-6 cm.)

Fast Fact: Females lay clusters of 10-50 small eggs on new leaves of the host plant.

 

Black Swallowtail

Papilio polyxenes

Family: Papilionidae

Range: Southern Canada, North America, South America

Wingspan: 3.5-4.5 in. (9-11.5 cm.)

Fast Fact: The black swallowtail is also called the anise swallowtail, since its larval hosts include umbellifers like parsley, anise, and dill.

Black and Tan Page

Siproeta epaphus 

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Tropical rainforests in Central and South America

Wingspan: 2.3-3 in. (7-7.5 cm.)

Fast Fact: Females are similar to males, but larger.

 

Common Lacewing

Cethosia biblis

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Northern India to China, Southeast Asia to the Philippines

Wingspan: 2.3-3 in. (7-7.5 cm.)

Fast Fact: Females have two forms: one resembles the male, the other has a dull, green color.

 

Zebra Mosaic

Colobura dirce

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Mexico to Central and South America

Wingspan: 2.5-2.75 in. (6-7 cm.)

Fast Fact: The zebra mosaic eats rotting bananas and other fruits, and sometimes even visits wet laundry. They rarely feed on nectar from flowers.

Monarch

Danaus plexippus

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: North America, South America, Australia

Wingspan: 3.25-4.75 in. (8-11 cm.)

Fast Fact: Monarchs are the state insect or state butterfly of Alabama, Idaho, Illinois, Minnesota, Texas, Vermont and West Virginia. They were named after King William of Orange.

Autumn Leaf

Doleschallia bisaltide

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Southeast Asia, Australia

Wingspan: 2.5-2.8 in. (6-7 cm.)

Fast Fact: The autumn leaf forms a leaf-like shape when it closes its wings, helping it blend into its surroundings.

Orange Dead Leaf

Kallima inachus

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Tropical Asia

Wingspan: 3.3 to 4.3 in. (8.4-11.0 cm.)

Fast Fact: The dead-leaf butterfly doesn’t fly much.  When it finds a tasty morsel, it settles there and doesn’t usually move unless threatened.

Great Orange Tip

Hebomoia glaucippe

Family: Pieridae

Range: India to Malaysia, China and Japan

Wingspan: 2.8-4.0 in. (7.0-10.0 cm.)

Fast Fact: The great orange tip is the largest species of the Pieridae family in Asia.

Doris Longwing

Heliconius doris

Family: Nymphalidae

Range: Central to South America

Wingspan: 3.3-3.5 in. (8-9 cm.)

Fast Fact: The doris longwing has three color forms. The forewing colors remain the same in all three forms, while the hindwings can be orange, blue, or green.